Stop-Burning-Woods (English subtitles)
History of fire
The Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2001, is one of the nuclei of the Goyaz Biosphere Reserve, an area considered as the world's most biodiverse savanna, home to around 10,000 different species of animals and plants, and Of being the largest bird crib in Brazil.
Dangerous burnings occur during the drought period, which lasts for up to 5 months. Burning vegetation is the fastest and cheapest method found by the rural population to clean land, but this has not been done responsibly.
Without control, these fires go far beyond the target areas and reach huge proportions, affecting local fauna and flora, damaging river springs and endangering the lives of humans and their dwellings. In 2010 there were some worrying facts:
- Approximately 80% of the total area of the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park was burned, forcing the organization to close it during the tourist season;
- This fire began near the city of Alto Paraíso and, like many others, was provoked by a criminal act;
- For the first time the fire affected the ciliary forest, higher and more humid forest around springs and rivers that used to serve as natural barrier to fire. In addition to increasing the range of the fire, it can contaminate the region's water with heavy minerals such as carbon and mercury, among others (Source: O Globo)
- Houses were completely burned, forcing their residents to find new homes and rebuild what they lost.
- Our roads were completely covered with smoke, increasing the risk of accidents and making access difficult to the region, which ends up harming tourism;
- Many believe that fire is something "normal" of the Cerrado, since the vegetation regenerates quickly with the return of rains. More information is needed on the other consequences that the fire brings to Chapada dos Veadeiros.
CONSEQUENCES OF BURNS
- Equilibrium of the ecosystem -
Ecosystem (from the Greek oikos: house + system: system where one lives). We live in the Cerrado, and the system here depends on our harmony with nature and the beings that live in it. Irregular burning interferes with the lives of animals and plants in the region, which need to find other places to live and feed, generating a great imbalance in nature.
- Health problems -
During drought, the humidity of the air decreases a lot. With burning smoke, this condition worsens, which can cause infections in our respiratory system, asthma, conjunctivitis, bronchitis, irritation of the eyes and throat, coughing, shortness of breath, stuffy nose, redness and skin allergies and even cardiovascular problems. Referring to the heart);
- Soil impoverishment in the medium and long term
- Burns alter the nutrients of the soil, such as calcium, sulfur and potassium, in addition to eliminating the organisms essential for soil fertilization. Over time, the terrain loses its recovery capacity, becoming increasingly poor for cultivation and conducive to erosion, affecting nearby homes and roads.
- Contamination of springs and rivers
- Soil impoverishment resulting from fire also affects plants and groundwater, contaminating them with heavy minerals, making the water unfit for human consumption.
- Death of wild animals including species at risk of extinction
- The cerrado is home to over 10,000 different species, among them species at risk of extinction, such as the blue macaw and the maned wolf, among others. Animals are not reborn with the return of the rains, quite the opposite. They lose their nests with the fires and need to look for new places to live and eat. Unfortunately not everyone survives this situation, and they end up dying. If we do not change our posture as to the fires, these species may disappear forever from our planet.
- Increase in global warming -
Science admits that Earth's temperature has risen sharply in recent years and this is greatly altering life on our planet. Different gases are burned all over the world, polluting and superheating the Earth's atmosphere. Such large fires in a region as dry and arid as ours contribute to this, further aggravating a problem that involves all of us. We can not let the chapada keep burning before our eyes! Our quality of life also depends on that. "Enough of Fogo Na Chapada!" Search through art, stimulate the community to get informed about the subject and seek individual and collective alternatives to mitigate the problem. We need to preserve our natural heritage for future generations!
It's Nois ... Eco Nois!